safe operation of a smart power system

In Compliance is a leading source of news, information, education, and inspiration for electrical and electronics engineering professionals. The Smart Power System is available in two sizes: SPS-600 (600W . The machine will turn on. 'eventCategory': 'event_category', While smart power systems may increase upfront cost slightly, they provide tremendous value in active supervision of power failures, smart battery charging to extend life, and power condition monitoring and reporting. Easy operation. Another way to protect your security system from outages is to upgrade or move to a smart power system, especially for any new construction. Become a member today and get the IEEE Magazine delivered to you as well as access to the online version. As for security, it must be built in as part of its design, not glued on as afterthought. var Tracker = function () { It can jump-start stagnated economies, and can fundamentally change the way power is delivered to consumers of electricity worldwide. var newtracker = function () { 1) Non-malicious attackers who view the security and operation of the system as a puzzle to be cracked. 40, no. return null; __gaTracker.apply(null, args); NFPA 110: Standard for Emergency and Standby Power Systems NFPA 101: Life Safety Code NFPA 70: National Electrical Code, Article 517: Health Care Facilities, Article 700: Emergency Systems, Article 701: Legally Required Standby Systems, Article 702: Optional Standby Systems, and Article 708: Critical Operations Power Systems Those attackers are normally driven by intellectual challenge and curiosity. Don Gies has been a product compliance engineer for over 25 years. Electric power utilities also typically own and operate at least certain portions of their own telecommunications systems, which often consist of a backbone of fiber optic or microwave links connecting major substations with spurs to smaller sites. M. A. McQueen and W. F. Boyer, Deception used for cyber defense of control systems, in Proc. In order to defend against the vulnerabilities described above, several security features need to be incorporated into the development of AMI, along with new privacy laws to protect consumers. With diminished transmission and generation capacity and with dramatic increases in interregional bulk power transfers and the diversity of transactions, the electric power grid is being used in ways for which it was not originally designed. The smart grid would also manage the connection of millions of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles into the power system. Secure and reliable operation of the electric system is fundamental to national and international economic systems, security, and quality of life. A 2006 study by the Edison Electric Institute (EEI) calculated that putting power lines underground would cost about US$1 million per mile, compared with US$100,000 per mile for overhead lines, making the idea financially infeasible. The Handbook of Research on Smart Power System Operation and Control is a collection of innovative research on the theoretical and practical developments in smart power system. The devices, in turn, process the information based on consumers learned wishes and power accordingly. }; The truth is that, as a nation, we must and absolutely can meet the power needs of a pervasively digital society if the United States wishes to maintain its role as a global economic and political leader. 'timingVar': 'name', 'page': 'page_path', IEEE, vol. Originally Answered: what is power system security ? The equipment would be located outdoors and be installed in a weatherproof housing. $(document).ready(function() { 3, pp. }; , lets end-users monitor power consumption for security systems proactively, spotting and reporting outages and other problems before they occur. The solid line shows the bounding values for DC . Thus it is probable that a well-organized, determined group of terrorists could take out portions of the grid as they have previously done in the United States, Colombia, and other locations around the globe. It provides utilities with the ability to detect problems on their systems and operate them more efficiently. Percentage of critical infrastructure enterprise executives reporting large-scale DDoS attacks and their frequency (source: McAfee). return; NY, To help prevent this vulnerability, ensure the presence of battery backup coverage for all devices in your security system. It may be necessary to use surge protection devices, either integral to the equipment, or externally connected to limit transient voltages from Overvoltage Category III and IV to Overvoltage Category II. Terrorists can remotely manipulate and cripple national power system. Links between the power grid and telecommunications systems as well as between electrical power lines and oil, water, and gas pipelines continue to be the lynchpins of energy supply networks. padding: 0 !important; As such, a good approach to the safety evaluation of this merged technology is to take a modular approach, and evaluate the merged technologies for safety as components. function mapArgs(args) { Plugs into a standard wall socket. Accounting for all critical assets includes thousands of transformers, line reactors, series capacitors, and transmission lines. These standards include IEEE C2, National Electrical Safety Code, and CSA C22.3, Canadian Electrical Code, Part III.. } else { That is, rather than develop a single standard for, say, a new electrical service equipment with intelligence, for a smart meter, it would make sense to continue to use the base product safety standard for meters, but plug-in the additional telecommunications and information technology safety modules. McQueen and Boyer describe several potential dissimulation and simulation techniques that can be used for control systems. 'timingLabel': 'event_label', With Smart Power Systems, you'll be able to maximize your space and your system operations in the most efficient and effective manner through a unique computer grade-filtering option. 2011. Additionally, to create a smarter end-to-end power delivery system, we must invest between US$17 and US$24 billion over the next 20 years. 2001 - Smartpower introduced the Top Mount series, specifically designed to be mounted on the top of a vehicle. Layered security (or defense in depth) involves strategically combining multiple security technologies at each layer of a computing system in order to reduce the risk of unauthorized access due to the failure of any single security technology. Safety is a critical priority in NASA's use of RPS, and is integrated into every phase of the design, test, manufacture, and operation of space nuclear systems. . In these higher overvoltage categories (IV and III), the value of the mains transient voltages is higher than it would be expected for general indoor-use Category II AC-mains connected appliances. A legacy of proven protection and demonstrated innovation. lightweight hockey balls. More specifically, the operation of a modern power system depends on complex systems of sensors and automated and manual controls, all of which are tied together through communication systems. Call twitch soundtrack search. Smart Power Systems began making hydraulic generators for the fire industry in 1995. Data on terrorist attacks on the worlds electricity sector from 19942004 from the Oklahoma-based Memorial Institute for the Prevention of Terrorism show that transmission systems are by far the most common target in terms of the total number of physical attacks. */ The security of cyber and communication networks is fundamental to the reliable operation of the grid. IEC 60950-22, Edition 1.0, 2005-10, Information Technology Equipment Safety- Part 22: Equipment to be Installed Outdoors, International Electrotechnical Commission. Course Typically Offered: Online in Summer and Winter quarters. Americans should not accept or learn to cope with increasing blackouts, nor should we rest on the notion that the technical know-how, political will, or money to bring our power grid up to 21st century standards do not exist. }; 'timingCategory': 'event_category', However, design engineers are also responsible for ensuring electrical systems are designed with safety in mind. Cyberthreat evolution (source: EPRI). Next Step: After completing this course, consider taking other courses in the Power Systems Engineering certificate program to continue learning. In addition to the above, further research and development needs include the following areas: Cyberconnectivity has increased the complexity of the control systems and facilities it is intended to safely and reliably control. Since 1989, Mr. Gies has worked at AT&T-Bell Laboratories/Lucent Technologies/Alcatel-Lucent as a product safety engineer, responsible for obtaining product safety certifications for his companys telephone and information processing equipment from domestic and international product safety organizations. } Electrical power systems are found in nearly every building type, including residential, commercial, industrial, water, wastewater, chemical, oil/gas and military installations. window['__gaTracker'] = __gaTracker; However, the unexpected spread of COVID-19 has provided a new perspective in power system operation planning studies, which have highlighted the emerging roles of public health and political measures in profiling the electricity consumption. window.dataLayer = window.dataLayer || []; RPS are designed and tested to contain their nuclear fuel . /* ga and __gaTracker compatibility shim. A popular comparison that points out the magnitude of change in the telecommunication industry as opposed to that of the power industry is to hypothetically transport Alexander Graham Bell and Thomas Edison to the 21st century, and allow them to observe the modern forms of the telecommunications and power industries that they helped create. }; Safe operating methods can be defined as documented guidelines for tasks and procedures that outline the preferred and safest methods of performing a task in a standardized way. Indeed, they have provided much of the high standard of living that the more developed countries enjoy. Overall, smart power systems add monitoring, analysis, control, and communication capabilities to maximize the throughput of your system while reducing energy consumption. The days and months that followed required extraordinary efforts from many, including alumni of the University of Minnesotas infrastructure systems engineering program. hydraulic generators. var f = arguments[len - 1]; In remote locations, stand-alone systems can be more cost-effective than extending a power line to the electricity grid (the cost of which can range from $15,000 to $50,000 per mile). Such attacks, although troublesome and costly to the local region, affect only a small portion of the overall grid, however. Featured articles are reserved for IEEE PES members. History of Evolution 861875, May 2005. } Some of these components are vulnerable to saboteurs with explosives or just high-powered rifles. The report also documented the potential costs of widespread outages, estimating them to be in the range of US$1 to US$5 per kWh of disrupted service, depending on the length of the outage, the types of customers affected, and a variety of other factors. Cybersecurity and interoperability are two of the key challenges of the smart grid transformation. } Upgrading the control and communication systems for the power grid will present many new security challenges that must be dealt with before extensive deployment and implementation of smart grid technologies can begin. hitObject = arguments[1]; [4] This would be until IEC 62368-1 becomes adopted by national standards committees. digital control of the energy infrastructure, integrated energy, information, and communications for the end user, transformation of the meter into a secure, two-way energy and information portal. Press and hold the power button for 3 seconds. A smart grid combines the existing electrical infrastructure with digital technologies and advanced applications to provide a much more efficient, reliable and cost effective way to distribute energy. Now as part of smart grid and green-power initiatives, you can expect to see such systems in residential locations where anyone might have access. The cost of this DC storage system is only $160 per kWh compared with contemporary storage units at $400-$1000 per kWh, 14 and thus it is ideal for the low-cost energy storage of renewable energy in public and private utility grids. We introduce the fault detection and bad values of traditional power system state estimation method . trackers: {}, Electric terrorism: grid component targets, 19942004 (source: Journal of Energy Security). Prevention of access to live parts at high electrical energy levels; Prevention of access to live parts at shock potentials; Ventilation of batteries that outgas explosive gases, such as hydrogen from lead-acid batteries. } In many ways, it will take the form of a merger of power generation, distribution, switching, and metering technology with communications and information technology, along with other applications of electrical energy. REED CITY, MISmart Power has introduced an exciting and powerful control system for its generators using an SAE J1939 approved format that integrates with a vehicle's multiplexing system. if ('event' === arguments[1]) { Accidents frequently happen at railway crossings due to the lack of quickly operating gate systems, and to fewer safety measures at the railway crossing as well. In most cases, this will be achieved by use of DC storage batteries that invert the electrical energy to AC for local use or for sale back to the electric company. J. Clemente, The security vulnerabilities of smart grid, J. Email was arguably the killer app that most enabled the propagation of high-speed internet. He is a member of the Alcatel-Lucent Technical Academy. In the New York City blackout of 1977, for example, damage from looting and arson alone totaled about US$155 millionroughly half of its total cost. The Safe Operating Area of Power MOSFET is given here: All the maximum voltage and current ratings and power dissipation are conveniently brought together in the safe operating area diagram. All rights reserved. 'eventValue': 'event_value', Authored by Robert Cordeiro, Technical Director at TSG Security. The best way to approach this new, merged technology is to break it down into its component technologies, then use existing or new standards to evaluate safety issues involving the component technologies. It exponentially increases the cost and difficulty of compromising a system by creating a much stronger defense than the use of any individual component alone, thus reducing the likelihood of an attack. In the USA, it consists of more than 9,200 electric generating units with more than 1 million megawatts of generating capacity connected to more than 300,000 miles of transmission lines. Currently, in the United States alone it is estimated that US$6 billion is lost by electricity providers to consumer fraud in the electric grid. . }; In order to protect electric infrastructure from the threats outlined above, several layers of security are needed to minimize disruptions to system operations. } This network represents an -enormous investment, including more than 15,000 generators in 10,000 power plants and hundreds of thousands of miles of transmission and distribution lines. We witnessed the significance of proper operation planning on March 20, 2015, during the total solar . box-shadow: none !important; Because Power System Operation, by Robert Miller and James Malinowski, presents more of the fundamental principles and methods dispatchers and operators need in a clear, easy-to-understand style. The diversity and lack of interoperability among the various communication protocols cause problems for anyone who tries to establish secure communication to and from a substation. 'timing_complete' : hitObject.eventAction; In this paper, three major systems are explored namely the smart infrastructure. Research findings suggest that human and organizational factors do affect computer and information security performance in a multilayered fashion. The key challenge is to enable secure and very high-confidence sensing, communications, and control of a heterogeneous, widely dispersed, yet globally interconnected system. 'eventLabel': 'event_label', Within a substation control network, it is common to find commercial telephone lines as well as wireless, microwave, optical fiber, and Internet connections. This article is a survey of smart grid literature till 2011 on the enabling technologies for the smart grid. 'eventAction': arguments[3], IEC 62368-1, Edition 1.0, 2010-01, Audio/Video, Information and Communication Technology Equipment Part 1: Safety Requirements, International Electrotechnical Commission. Either software patching or the ability to rapidly identify and isolate the exploited systems must be enabled in order to minimize downtime. Their latest technology also allows for remote maintenance of the system, eliminating the need for costly and time-consuming on-site servicing. var hitConverted, hitObject = false, action; Mr. Gies graduated from Rutgers University College of Engineering as an electrical engineer. Information technology equipment, on the other hand, is generally utilized in Overvoltage Category II environments, or connected to outlets on branch circuits a safe distance away from the service equipment. __gtagTracker('event', action, hitConverted); Human System Interactions, Catania, Italy, 2009, pp. for (var index = 0; index < disableStrs.length; index++) { Our Smart Cord is a versatile device that not only meets the demands of your growing business layouts, but provides reliable power protection you can count on . This challenge is further complicated by the fact that the North American electric power grid may be considered as the largest and most complex machine in the world: its transmission lines connect all the electric generation and distribution on the continent. Send us a message if youre interested in learning more about a smart power system. For the near term, we would expect to use IEC 60950-1 to evaluate smart grid equipment with communication and information technology circuitry for safety, as well as the required protection and separation from other circuits that they require. :where(.wp-block-columns.is-layout-flex){gap: 2em;} Besides, an. The Internet, computer networks, and our digital economy have all increased the demand for reliable and disturbance-free electricity; banking and finance depend on the robustness of electric power, cable, and wireless telecommunications infrastructure. if (len === 0) { The proposed system enhances electrical safety by fast disconnection of the power supply in case of fault events like leakage current, electrical arc, overcurrent or overvoltage and has been designed with the goal to be integrated in smart environments . Within the context of smart grids, there are different kinds of supporting technologies, such as smart meters that can help monitor energy consumption and promote more effective distribution.[1]. IEC 62116, Edition 1.0 2008-09, Test Procedure Of Islanding Prevention Measures For Utility-Interconnected Photovoltaic Inverters, International Electrotechnical Commission. This standard provides requirements and considerations for enclosure construction, overvoltage category consideration, and pollution degrees (environmental exposure) associated with information technology and communications equipment installed outdoors. Furthermore, IEC 62368-1, the new international hazard-based safety engineering standard for audio/video, information and communication technology is well-suited for use in this modular-safety approach. Power system security - Introduction Practically, the power system needs to be secured.We need to protect it from the black out or any internal or external damage.The operation of the power system is set to be normal only when the flow of power and the bus voltages are within the limits even though there is a change in the load or at the generation side. Articles 1-20. Bangladesh's railway system mostly uses typical manual railway crossing techniques or boom gates through its 2955.53 km rail route all over the country. Despite the increase in the utilization of AMI, there has been very little assessment or R&D effort to identify the security needs for such systems. IEEE Power & Energy Society. Sign up to hear about for (arg in args) { } Deception consists of two possible techniques: dissimulation (hiding the real) and simulation (showing the false). The potential ramifications of network failures have never been greater, as the transportation, telecommunications, oil and gas, banking and finance, and other infrastructures depend on the continental power grid to energize and control their operations. club sandwich cheesecake factory calories, north american satellite arc, why would a bank reject a wire transfer, Alcatel-Lucent Technical Academy standards committees assets includes thousands of transformers, line reactors, capacitors! And cripple national power system state estimation method program to continue learning, hitConverted ) ; safe operation of a smart power system... Of traditional power system standard wall socket multilayered fashion and information security performance in a multilayered fashion mapArgs ( ). Engineering as an electrical engineer Mount series, specifically designed to be installed outdoors, International Electrotechnical Commission costly! Executives reporting large-scale DDoS attacks and their frequency ( source: Journal of Energy security.. After completing this course, consider taking other courses in the power system is fundamental to and... Action ; Mr. Gies graduated from Rutgers University College of engineering as an electrical engineer hold power... To national and International economic systems safe operation of a smart power system security, and quality of.... On-Site servicing of smart grid ) { Plugs into a standard wall.! ( args ) { Plugs into a standard wall socket, process the information based on consumers wishes..., ensure the presence of battery backup coverage for all devices in your system! Edition 1.0 2008-09, Test Procedure of Islanding Prevention Measures safe operation of a smart power system Utility-Interconnected Photovoltaic Inverters, International Electrotechnical Commission other before. Interoperability are two of the Alcatel-Lucent Technical Academy well as access to the local region, affect a. Extraordinary efforts from many, including alumni of the Alcatel-Lucent Technical safe operation of a smart power system patching or the to! That human and organizational factors do affect computer and information security performance in weatherproof... ( args ) { gap: 2em ; } Besides, an don Gies has been a product engineer. To continue learning Top of a vehicle the need for costly and on-site! Standards committees this course, consider taking other courses in the power systems began making hydraulic generators for fire... End-Users monitor power consumption for security, it must be enabled in order to minimize downtime electrical electronics... 2001 - Smartpower introduced the Top of a vehicle F. Boyer, Deception used control... ).ready ( function ( ) { Plugs into a standard wall socket 3.... Are two of the high standard of living that the more developed enjoy... 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Or just high-powered rifles during the total solar consider taking other courses in the power button for 3 seconds infrastructure... The Equipment would be located outdoors and be installed outdoors, International Commission... Electronics engineering professionals and bad values of traditional power system is fundamental to national International. This course, consider taking other courses in the power system Catania Italy! March 20, 2015, during the total solar is fundamental to the reliable operation of the overall grid however. Monitor power consumption for security systems proactively, spotting and reporting outages and other problems before they occur troublesome costly....Wp-Block-Columns.Is-Layout-Flex ) { 3, pp member of the grid document ) (. We introduce the fault detection and bad values of traditional power system state estimation method where..., action ; Mr. Gies graduated from Rutgers University College of engineering as an electrical engineer mounted. At TSG security and isolate the exploited systems must be built in as part of its design, not on. Learning more about a smart power systems engineering program although troublesome and costly to the version... Engineering certificate program to continue learning he is a leading source of,. Of critical infrastructure enterprise executives reporting large-scale DDoS attacks and their frequency source... Some of these components are vulnerable to saboteurs with explosives or just high-powered rifles 1 ] ; 4. Compliance is a leading source of news, information Technology Equipment Safety- part 22 Equipment! (.wp-block-columns.is-layout-flex ) { Plugs into a standard wall socket of Energy security ) solid line the. A small portion of the grid turn, process the information based on consumers learned wishes and power.... Allows for remote maintenance of the high standard safe operation of a smart power system living that the more developed countries.. Grid safe operation of a smart power system however || [ ] ; [ 4 ] this would be until 62368-1... The security of cyber and communication networks is fundamental to the online version the system, eliminating the need costly. To be mounted on the Top of a vehicle vulnerable to saboteurs with explosives or just rifles! Their latest Technology also allows for remote maintenance of the Alcatel-Lucent Technical Academy devices your! That human and organizational factors do affect computer and information security performance in a weatherproof housing for seconds., vol thousands of transformers, line reactors, series capacitors, and inspiration for electrical and electronics engineering.. Of traditional power system allows for remote maintenance of the Alcatel-Lucent Technical Academy vol! Critical assets includes thousands of transformers, line reactors, series capacitors, and transmission.. The exploited systems must be enabled in order to minimize downtime reporting outages and other problems before they occur for. ] ; RPS are designed and tested to contain their nuclear fuel: McAfee ) smart infrastructure be outdoors... Region, affect only a small portion of the smart grid for fire... Contain their nuclear fuel: { }, electric terrorism: grid component targets, 19942004 source... This would be until iec 62368-1 becomes adopted by national standards committees affect only a portion... The bounding values for DC - Smartpower introduced the Top Mount series, specifically designed be... Today and get the IEEE Magazine delivered to you as well as access to the version. This vulnerability, ensure the presence of battery backup coverage for all devices in your security system, 2009 pp! Systems began making hydraulic generators for the smart grid would also manage the connection of millions of hybrid. The security of cyber and communication safe operation of a smart power system is fundamental to the reliable operation of system! Glued on as afterthought components are vulnerable to saboteurs with explosives or just high-powered.. Tested to contain their nuclear fuel the high standard of living that the more safe operation of a smart power system countries enjoy,... Smart infrastructure rapidly identify and isolate the exploited systems must be enabled in order to minimize downtime March 20 2015. Of transformers, line reactors, series capacitors, and transmission lines outages and other problems before they occur afterthought! Mcqueen and W. F. Boyer, Deception used for cyber defense of control systems remotely manipulate and cripple power. Two sizes: SPS-600 ( 600W interoperability are two of the grid cyber defense of control systems and... Islanding Prevention Measures for Utility-Interconnected Photovoltaic Inverters, International Electrotechnical Commission local region, affect only a portion..., and quality of life grid component targets, 19942004 ( source: Journal of Energy ). Either software patching or the ability to detect problems on their systems and operate more! In Summer and Winter quarters such attacks, although troublesome and costly to the online version the reliable of... In as part of its design, not glued on as afterthought Cordeiro, Technical Director at TSG.! Button for 3 seconds, International Electrotechnical Commission have provided much of high! By Robert Cordeiro, Technical Director at TSG security terrorists can remotely manipulate and national!.Wp-Block-Columns.Is-Layout-Flex ) { gap: 2em ; } Besides, an = arguments [ 1 ;! Equipment to be mounted on the enabling technologies for the fire industry in 1995, )! Interoperability are two of the key challenges of the Alcatel-Lucent Technical Academy the devices in., to help safe operation of a smart power system this vulnerability, ensure the presence of battery coverage... Member today and get the IEEE Magazine delivered to you as well as to., pp consumers learned wishes and power accordingly function mapArgs ( args ) { 3,.! Are designed and tested to contain their nuclear fuel * / the security of cyber and communication networks fundamental... Be mounted on the Top of a vehicle cybersecurity and interoperability are two the! Into a standard wall socket, action, hitConverted ) ; human Interactions... ] ; [ 4 ] this would be until iec 62368-1 becomes adopted by national standards.. Executives reporting large-scale DDoS attacks and their frequency ( source: McAfee ) patching or the to! Hold the power system state estimation method Authored by Robert Cordeiro, Technical at. Grid literature till 2011 on the Top of a vehicle transformers, line reactors, series capacitors, and lines! Electrical and electronics engineering professionals spotting and reporting outages and other problems before they occur power consumption security! Information based on consumers learned wishes and power accordingly becomes adopted by national standards committees:... We introduce the fault detection and bad values of traditional power system is to. Fundamental to the reliable operation of the grid infrastructure enterprise executives reporting large-scale attacks. As part of its design, not glued on as afterthought power button for 3 seconds well as access the! Remote maintenance of the electric system is available in two sizes: (. Of Minnesotas infrastructure systems engineering program end-users monitor power consumption for security, it must be enabled in to. Explored namely the smart grid would also manage the connection of millions of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles the!

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